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Common Pediatric Eye Problems

Caring for your child’s eyes is always important, but especially during their early years, when their growing eyes are rapidly developing. Catching eye problems in their tracks can help minimize potential damage and may even make it possible to reverse the condition.

That’s why it’s important for parents to know about the most common pediatric eye problems and their symptoms.

Refractive Errors

The 3 most common refractive errors found in children are myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism (irregularly curved cornea). These conditions prevent light from focusing on the correct area of the retina, causing blurred vision.

Signs to watch for:

  • Eye strain or headache after a child performs visually demanding activities
  • Frequent squinting or head tilting
  • Sitting very close to the television or computer
  • Holding books or screens very close to the face


Also known as lazy eye, amblyopia occurs when one eye doesn’t achieve normal visual acuity and is weaker than the other. Amblyopia is often difficult to detect, since the child will often rely on their fully functioning eye and may even be unaware of the problem. Early detection is crucial because amblyopia can lead to vision loss. Furthermore, once a child is 8-10 years old, it becomes much harder to correct.

Signs to watch for:

  • Frequent eye rubbing
  • Squinting
  • Frequently closing one eye
  • Head tilting
  • Difficulty reading/doing math/playing sports
  • Difficulty with attention and focus


Nystagmus is characterized by rapid, involuntary, back-and-forth eye movements that can either be congenital or acquired. Congenital nystagmus usually sets in within the first months of life, and acquired nystagmus develops after 6 months of age. Nystagmus can accompany a multitude of other eye problems, so be sure to bring your child to an eye doctor if they show any symptoms.

Signs to watch for: Eyes that rapidly and repetitively move from side to side, up and down, or in a circle.

Pediatric Cataracts

Cataracts don’t just affect adults — an estimated 20,000-40,000 children are born with cataracts each year worldwide. Cataracts are the clouding of the eye’s normally clear lens in one or both eyes. Depending on the location and severity of the cataract, it can impair vision.

Signs to watch for:

  • Difficulty seeing objects and recognizing faces
  • Eyes that point in different directions
  • Nystagmus
  • White- or gray-colored pupil


Strabismus is the medical term for when the eyes are misaligned or “crossed.” Left untreated, strabismus can lead to amblyopia and result in permanent vision loss.

Signs to watch for:

  • An eye that points upward, downward, inward, or outward
  • Head tilting, in an effort to align the eyes
  • Frequent and excessive squinting, especially in bright light

How We Can Help

At James Tracey Eye Care, we provide comprehensive eye exams and other eye care services to detect and potentially prevent eye problems for all members of the family.

When it comes to pediatric eye problems, early detection and treatment usually means a better outcome. If you suspect that your child has a vision problem, or to schedule a routine pediatric eye exam, call James Tracey Eye Care in Midtown today!

At James Tracey Eye Care, we put your family’s needs first. Talk to us about how we can help you maintain healthy vision. Call us today: 646-916-4588 or book an appointment online to see one of our Midtown eye doctors.

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Could Vision Problems Be Behind My Child’s Reading and Learning Difficulties?

Up to 25% of children have a visual problem impacting how they perform in school, and many have a misalignment of the eyes known as Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD). Most of the time BVD has no known cause. It can occur as a result of an injury, concussion while playing sports, facial asymmetry, or genetics. BVD symptoms can seriously impact your child’s quality of life.

Does My Child Have BVD?

Have you ever heard of BVD? Many teachers and parents haven’t, and because of this they aren’t aware of its signs and symptoms. When a child has difficulty paying attention or learning in class, experiences motion sickness, or complains of headaches or blurry vision, they could have BVD. Any amount of eye misalignment can lead to reading problems and difficulty paying attention.

Binocular Vision Dysfunction and Learning Difficulties

Binocular Vision Dysfunction can cause blurry or possibly double vision. This affects school performance because a child with BVD has a difficult time comprehending words on a page and and reading.

Sometimes children diagnosed with certain conditions related to concentration and/or learning are actually suffering from BVD. These can include:


Dyslexia is often known to cause trouble with spelling, letter jumbling, and word sequences. These same symptoms are found in children with BVD.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

Children suffering from ADD and ADHD struggle with the ability to pay attention. BVD can cause double and blurred vision, making reading and comprehending words on a page difficult. Visual misalignment — and not ADHD/ADD — may be causing your child to find it hard to concentrate.

How to Treat BVD

When BVD causes a child to struggle while reading and learning in school, specialized aligning glasses can help. They allow your child to see clearly without causing strain or stress on their eyes while reducing distorted and blurred vision and words. Once your child’s BVD is treated, this can alleviate and possibly eliminate their learning difficulties. These aligning lenses can also help the two eyes to function and work as a team, making reading easier for your child.

Understanding the source of reading and learning difficulties can help your child succeed in school and boost self-confidence. At James Tracey Eye Care in Woodcliff Lake, Midland Park, we can treat your child’s binocular vision dysfunction. Schedule an appointment today and learn how we can help.

At James Tracey Eye Care, we put your family’s needs first. Talk to us about how we can help you maintain healthy vision. Call us today: 646-916-4588 or book an appointment online to see one of our Midtown eye doctors.

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