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Common Pediatric Eye Problems

Caring for your child’s eyes is always important, but especially during their early years, when their growing eyes are rapidly developing. Catching eye problems in their tracks can help minimize potential damage and may even make it possible to reverse the condition.

That’s why it’s important for parents to know about the most common pediatric eye problems and their symptoms.

Refractive Errors

The 3 most common refractive errors found in children are myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism (irregularly curved cornea). These conditions prevent light from focusing on the correct area of the retina, causing blurred vision.

Signs to watch for:

  • Eye strain or headache after a child performs visually demanding activities
  • Frequent squinting or head tilting
  • Sitting very close to the television or computer
  • Holding books or screens very close to the face

Amblyopia

Also known as lazy eye, amblyopia occurs when one eye doesn’t achieve normal visual acuity and is weaker than the other. Amblyopia is often difficult to detect, since the child will often rely on their fully functioning eye and may even be unaware of the problem. Early detection is crucial because amblyopia can lead to vision loss. Furthermore, once a child is 8-10 years old, it becomes much harder to correct.

Signs to watch for:

  • Frequent eye rubbing
  • Squinting
  • Frequently closing one eye
  • Head tilting
  • Difficulty reading/doing math/playing sports
  • Difficulty with attention and focus

Nystagmus

Nystagmus is characterized by rapid, involuntary, back-and-forth eye movements that can either be congenital or acquired. Congenital nystagmus usually sets in within the first months of life, and acquired nystagmus develops after 6 months of age. Nystagmus can accompany a multitude of other eye problems, so be sure to bring your child to an eye doctor if they show any symptoms.

Signs to watch for: Eyes that rapidly and repetitively move from side to side, up and down, or in a circle.

Pediatric Cataracts

Cataracts don’t just affect adults — an estimated 20,000-40,000 children are born with cataracts each year worldwide. Cataracts are the clouding of the eye’s normally clear lens in one or both eyes. Depending on the location and severity of the cataract, it can impair vision.

Signs to watch for:

  • Difficulty seeing objects and recognizing faces
  • Eyes that point in different directions
  • Nystagmus
  • White- or gray-colored pupil

Strabismus

Strabismus is the medical term for when the eyes are misaligned or “crossed.” Left untreated, strabismus can lead to amblyopia and result in permanent vision loss.

Signs to watch for:

  • An eye that points upward, downward, inward, or outward
  • Head tilting, in an effort to align the eyes
  • Frequent and excessive squinting, especially in bright light

How We Can Help

At James Tracey Eye Care, we provide comprehensive eye exams and other eye care services to detect and potentially prevent eye problems for all members of the family.

When it comes to pediatric eye problems, early detection and treatment usually means a better outcome. If you suspect that your child has a vision problem, or to schedule a routine pediatric eye exam, call James Tracey Eye Care in Midtown today!

At James Tracey Eye Care, we put your family’s needs first. Talk to us about how we can help you maintain healthy vision. Call us today: 646-916-4588 or book an appointment online to see one of our Midtown eye doctors.

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Frequently Asked Questions on Eyeglasses

Optical store in Midtown, New York

Eye Care and Optical Store in Midtown, New York

How can I get rid of reflections on my glasses?

If you’re experiencing annoying reflections on your lenses, have your optician replace the lenses with ones that include an anti-reflective coating (AR coating). Though this will come at an extra cost, the AR coating will help you see more clearly, let others see your eyes better and eliminate annoying glare spots on your lenses.

I’d like to know more about the glasses that transform into sunglasses.

Glasses that transform into sunglasses when in direct sunlight are known as photochromic lenses. The lenses darken once exposed to the sun’s ultraviolet radiation (UV) rays and progressively return to their clear state when no longer exposed to these rays.

Photochromic lenses are an excellent choice for those who wear glasses all day and regularly spend time outdoors, yet don’t want to invest in a pair of prescription sunglasses.

However, it’s important to note that most photochromic lenses don’t darken as well when inside a vehicle. The windshield glass blocks much of the UV required to initiate the lens darkening process. Thus, it’s best to get a separate pair of prescription sunglasses for driving.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I choose glasses that my child will actually want to wear?

If you want your child to wear glasses, get him or her to pick them out. Whenever children choose glasses frames that they like and feel good wearing, they are much more likely to enjoy wearing them.

How can I prolong the life of my eyeglasses?

Below are a few tips to keep your glasses in great condition:

  • If you’re buying a single pair of glasses, avoid trendy frames that could soon go out of vogue.
  • If your child’s prescription changes regularly, ask for the new lenses to be placed in the old frames, rather than purchasing new frames every time.
  • Buy frames with spring hinges. These allow the temples to slightly flex outward without breaking the glasses.
  • Apply scratch-resistant coating to the lenses.

Why do certain glasses leave indents on the sides of my nose?

When nose pads are maladjusted or too tight, they leave indents. Fortunately, this problem can be easily solved with a few adjustments by an optician who will ensure that the pair of glasses evenly distributes pressure on the nose, head width, and ears.

Why do my glasses cause pain behind my ears?

If the arms of the frame are bent too tightly around the ears, you will experience aches behind the ears. Ask your optician to loosen the arms and adjust them as needed for maximum comfort.

My glasses keep sliding off my nose. What should I do?

If your glasses aren’t sitting comfortably on your face, then there’s clearly an adjustment problem. Visit James Tracey Eye Care in Midtown to adjust the frame width and bridge size.

How do I keep my glasses clean?

The most efficient method for cleaning glasses is to run them under water; place a tiny drop of dishwashing soap on the lenses and lather them using the tip of your finger. Rinse with warm water and dry using a microfibre cloth. Keep your lenses away from chemicals and high temperatures, as they can destroy the protective coating on your lenses.

Q: Why should I see an eye doctor when I can easily pick up an inexpensive pair of eyeglasses at the store?

  • A: You should visit your eye doctor for several reasons.Routine eye exams are the only way to detect underlying diseases (i.e. glaucoma) in their early stages. When caught early, they can be more effectively treated before permanent vision loss occurs. Furthermore, the one-size-fits-all reading glasses that you find at a regular store doesn’t correct for astigmatism or those with differing eye prescriptions. This is something only an eye doctor, such as James Sinoway O.D., can provide.

Q: When buying reading glasses at a pharmacy or corner store, how do I know which prescription to get?

  • A: Off-the-shelf glasses should only be used for emergency situations, as they can’t perfectly correct your prescription. That said, it is recommended to get a slightly weaker correction than your usual prescription.

Quality Frames For Prescription Eyeglasses & Computer Glasses. Visit James Tracey Eye Care for an eye exam and eyeglasses that match your style.

Why Drinking Wine May Help Prevent Cataracts

Some say that just like fine wine, people get better with age. While this may be true for character and personality, it often isn’t the case as it comes to one’s eyes. Age is often accompanied with all sorts of eye problems, like macular degeneration, dry eyes and cataracts.

But these eye conditions aren’t inevitable. Certain actions, habits, foods (and drinks!) may help ward off or reduce the severity of age-related eye problems—like cataracts.

But First, What Are Cataracts?

Cataracts are a clouding of the eye’s lens that affects millions of people in North America.

Symptoms of cataracts include:

  • Cloudy or blurred vision
  • Colors that seem faded
  • Trouble seeing at night
  • Double vision
  • Seeing halos around lights
  • The need to frequently update one’s corrective lens prescription

Cataracts occur naturally with age and may not always require treatment if a person’s vision remains mostly clear. Keep in mind that eye injury and certain eye diseases may also lead to cataracts.

The main treatment for cataracts is cataract surgery—it replaces the natural, cloudy lens with a clear, artificial lens.

The onset of cataracts may be prevented or at least delayed by wearing sunglasses, quitting smoking, having regular eye exams and eating nutritious foods (yes, wine included).

How Drinking Wine May Help Prevent Cataract

Wine is loaded with eye-healthy antioxidants that may protect the eyes against cataracts and other age-related conditions. Several studies have reported numerous benefits of regular and moderate wine consumption, including protection against heart disease and macular degeneration.

A recent study, published in the journal Ophthalmology, on the relationship between wine and cataracts involves data from 490,000 individuals who voluntarily disclosed details about their lifestyle and eating habits. When all other factors were considered (age, gender, smoking, weight, diabetes, ethnicity), the findings concluded that consuming about 6.5 glasses of wine per week may decrease a person’s risk of needing cataract surgery.

According to the study, wine drinkers seem to be the least likely candidates for cataract surgery when compared to non-drinkers or those who consumed other varieties of alcohol, like beer and liquor.

It’s important to note that the study does not establish a causal relationship between wine consumption and cataract surgery—only a significant association linking the two.

The head of the study, Dr. Sharon Chua, further explains that the development of cataracts may be due to gradual oxidative stress, which is a natural part of aging. The abundance of polyphenol antioxidants in wine may help counteract oxidative stress.

Here’s the breakdown:

  • Participants who consumed a glass of wine 1-2 times per week had a 7% reduced need for cataract surgery than those who drank 1-3 times or less per month.
  • Participants who drank a glass of wine daily or almost daily experienced a 5-6% increased risk of cataract surgery compared to those who drank 1-4 times a week.
  • Consuming red wine weekly provided participants with a 14% reduced need for cataract surgery compared to those who abstained.
  • Weekly consumption of white wine and champagne reduced the need for cataract surgery by 10%.

So, what’s the bottom line?

Antioxidants are super beneficial for eye health and may help reduce your risk of developing a severe case of cataracts that would require surgery. This study suggests that moderate wine consumption on a weekly basis may lower your risk of cataract surgery when coupled with an antioxidant-rich diet. Furthermore, red wine seemed to have the most dramatic effect compared to white wine or other forms of alcohol.

Speak to your healthcare provider before making any changes to your diet, just to be safe.

For further information and guidance about keeping your eyes healthy, speak with James Sinoway O.D. about your options.

Don’t forget to have your annual eye exam to check for vision health by contacting James Tracey Eye Care in Midtown today!

At James Tracey Eye Care, we put your family’s needs first. Talk to us about how we can help you maintain healthy vision. Call us today: 646-916-4588 or book an appointment online to see one of our Midtown eye doctors.

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Q&A:

#1: What other foods can help protect the eyes against cataracts?

Foods that are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, Vitamins A, C and E, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Try to consume produce of every color for a variety of eye-protecting nutrients. Your optometrist can offer further guidance for your personal situation.

#2: When is cataract surgery a good option?

Cataract surgery is the only method of removing cataracts, and may be necessary when your cloudy vision stops you from carrying out daily tasks, like driving and reading. If cataracts are detected, your optometrist will closely track your vision and recommend the next steps

Why Bother With Myopia Control?

Boy Trouble LearningMyopia control is a hot topic these days — and for good reason. More and more parents are providing their nearsighted children with myopia control treatments in hopes of slowing down the rapid progression of this very common refractive error.

Is myopia control worth all the effort? Why not just get new glasses every time your child needs a higher prescription? Is childhood myopia really that big of a deal?

Below, we’ll answer these important questions so you can make informed decisions and feel confident about your choices. If your child has myopia, contact James Tracey Eye Care to learn more about how we can help.

Myopia Is Not Harmless

Myopia is far more than just blurry distance vision. What many don’t realize is that it can seriously impact a child’s long-term eye health.

A child with myopia is significantly more likely to develop sight-threatening diseases, such as glaucoma, cataracts, retinal detachment, and macular degeneration, later in life.

Because the cause of myopia is an elongated eye, the stretching of the eye takes a toll on the retina (the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye). Over time, the stressed retina is more prone to damage and tearing.

Your Child’s Lens Prescription Matters

Suppose your child’s lens prescription is -3.00D (mild to moderate myopia). Although you may think that it’s too late for myopia control at this point, research suggests otherwise.

The level of myopia a child has is directly correlated to their risk of eye disease — the higher the myopia, the greater the risk.

A child with myopia that’s between -0.75D and -3.00 is more than 3 times more likely to develop retinal detachment in the future. That number triples for individuals with high myopia (-5.00 and above).

The risk of myopic maculopathy is also influenced by the level of a child’s nearsightedness. Children under -5.00 have just a 0.42% of developing this serious eye condition, but anything above -5.00? That risk level leaps to 25.3%.

Slowing down or stopping your child’s eyesight from worsening will greatly increase their chances of having a healthy vision in adulthood. Halting myopia as early as possible renders the best outcome.

Myopia Is On The Rise

This is the time to act. With myopia cases escalating exponentially, it’s expected that about half of the world’s population will be nearsighted by 2050, and about 10% of those individuals will have high myopia.

Offering your child myopia control now can potentially prevent them from being part of that 10% in 2050.

If your child has myopia or is at risk of developing it, we can help! To schedule your child’s myopia consultation, contact James Tracey Eye Care today.

Q&A

 

Q: #1: How do I know if my child is at risk of developing myopia?

  • A: If one or both parents have myopia, a child is predisposed to becoming nearsighted. Other factors that influence myopia include excess screen time, not enough time spent in the sunlight, and being of a certain ethnicity (people of Asian or Pacific Islander descent have the highest risk).

Q: #2: What treatments are used for myopia control?

  • A: The 3 main treatments are atropine eye drops, orthokeratology (Ortho-k) contact lenses, and multifocal contact lenses. Your optometrist will help you decide which method best suits your child’s eyes and lifestyle.

 

James Tracey Eye Care serves patients from Midland Park, Midtown, Wyckoff, and Woodcliff Lake, all throughout New York.


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How To Care For Your Glasses

James Tracey Eye Care Offers You The Very Best In Eye Care

James Tracey Eye Care Offers You The Very Best In Eye Care

If you’re like most people, your eyeglasses are your window to the world and an expression of your personal style. You chose them with care, and now you want to ensure that your investment lasts.

Here are our top tips for keeping your glasses in tip-top shape.

Handle Them Carefully

When removing your glasses, firmly hold them by the corner of the temples to avoid accidentally bending the temples and earpieces.

Be sure to never set them down directly on the lenses. Instead, lay them with the lenses facing upward.

Clean Them Properly and Often

Don’t wipe your glasses with the bottom of your shirt or a tissue. Using anything but a microfiber cloth to wipe them can transfer dirt to your lenses.

Furthermore, cleaning your lenses while they’re dry can scratch them. Instead, wash away debris and dirt with clean tap water and a drop of dish soap or eyeglass cleaner provided by your eye doctor. Never use hot water, as it can damage or strip the lenses of certain coatings.

Let your glasses air dry or dry them with a clean microfiber cloth. Paper towels and tissues may be too abrasive.

Cleaning your specs daily will help keep them in optimal condition.

Store Them Safely

Keep your glasses in a hardshell case whenever they aren’t on your face. Hard cases protect your specs from being bent, crushed, scratched, or soiled.

If you prefer a less bulky case, consider storing your glasses in a microfiber pouch and placing them in a safe place where they won’t be disturbed.

Store your glasses in the same place every time to reduce your chance of losing them. Never leave your glasses in a hot car — the heat can damage or warp the lenses.

Glasses that are well-maintained provide the best in visual clarity and comfort. Scratched lenses or misaligned earpieces can cause eyestrain when worn for extended periods of time.

If your glasses (or eyes) need a little TLC, we can help. To schedule an eye exam or ask any questions about proper eyeglass upkeep, call James Tracey Eye Care in Midtown today!

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can I use a standard glass cleaner to clean my eyewear?

  • A: Absolutely not. Cleaning solutions like window cleaner, ammonia, and bleach can ruin any specialized coatings on your lenses. Also, don’t use saliva. Spitting on your lenses can introduce substances like oil and bacteria — not things you want on your lenses.

Q: How often should I replace my glasses?

  • A: When worn and cared for properly, a good pair of glasses should last between 1-3 years, assuming your lens prescription doesn’t change. Of course, feel free to get some new frames whenever you want to spruce up your look.

Quality Frames For Prescription Eyeglasses & Computer Glasses. Visit James Tracey Eye Care for an eye exam and eyeglasses that match your style.


Could Vision Problems Be Behind My Child’s Reading and Learning Difficulties?

Up to 25% of children have a visual problem impacting how they perform in school, and many have a misalignment of the eyes known as Binocular Vision Dysfunction (BVD). Most of the time BVD has no known cause. It can occur as a result of an injury, concussion while playing sports, facial asymmetry, or genetics. BVD symptoms can seriously impact your child’s quality of life.

Does My Child Have BVD?

Have you ever heard of BVD? Many teachers and parents haven’t, and because of this they aren’t aware of its signs and symptoms. When a child has difficulty paying attention or learning in class, experiences motion sickness, or complains of headaches or blurry vision, they could have BVD. Any amount of eye misalignment can lead to reading problems and difficulty paying attention.

Binocular Vision Dysfunction and Learning Difficulties

Binocular Vision Dysfunction can cause blurry or possibly double vision. This affects school performance because a child with BVD has a difficult time comprehending words on a page and and reading.

Sometimes children diagnosed with certain conditions related to concentration and/or learning are actually suffering from BVD. These can include:

Dyslexia

Dyslexia is often known to cause trouble with spelling, letter jumbling, and word sequences. These same symptoms are found in children with BVD.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

Children suffering from ADD and ADHD struggle with the ability to pay attention. BVD can cause double and blurred vision, making reading and comprehending words on a page difficult. Visual misalignment — and not ADHD/ADD — may be causing your child to find it hard to concentrate.

How to Treat BVD

When BVD causes a child to struggle while reading and learning in school, specialized aligning glasses can help. They allow your child to see clearly without causing strain or stress on their eyes while reducing distorted and blurred vision and words. Once your child’s BVD is treated, this can alleviate and possibly eliminate their learning difficulties. These aligning lenses can also help the two eyes to function and work as a team, making reading easier for your child.

Understanding the source of reading and learning difficulties can help your child succeed in school and boost self-confidence. At James Tracey Eye Care in Woodcliff Lake, Midland Park, we can treat your child’s binocular vision dysfunction. Schedule an appointment today and learn how we can help.

At James Tracey Eye Care, we put your family’s needs first. Talk to us about how we can help you maintain healthy vision. Call us today: 646-916-4588 or book an appointment online to see one of our Midtown eye doctors.

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How Can You Tell If Your Baby Has a Vision Problem?

Eye Care & Optical | James Tracey Eye Care

Eye Care & Optical | James Tracey Eye Care

Babies heavily rely on their vision to explore and learn about the world around them. But what many don’t realize is that vision is a learned skill, just like walking and talking. Without a healthy vision, babies who grow into toddlers may not be able to reach some developmental milestones on time or may find ordinary activities very challenging.

That’s why it’s so critical to check that your child’s eyes and vision are developing as they should. Below are some warning signs that parents and caregivers should keep an eye out for, as it may signal the need to visit an optometrist.

To schedule an eye exam for your baby, toddler or anyone else in your family, James Tracey Eye Care in Midtown is here for you.

Signs That May Indicate a Vision Problem In Infants

If your baby displays any of the following signs and symptoms, consult with your pediatrician or your eye doctor.

  • Eye turn, when one eye turns inward, outward, up or down
  • Excessive tearing or watery eyes
  • White or grayish coloring in the pupil
  • Crustiness or pus around either eye
  • Persistent eye redness
  • Extreme light-sensitivity
  • Very droopy eyelids
  • Eyes that rapidly move from side to side or up and down
  • Eye pain or discomfort that doesn’t resolve
  • Squinting or head tilting
  • Difficulty maintaining eye contact

Visual Milestones to Keep in Mind

Below are a few examples of visual milestones that are important to achieve as your baby develops into a toddler within the first 2 years of life.

0-4 Months

When babies are born, they are usually able to focus on objects that are about 9 inches away (the distance between their eyes and their parent’s face while being held or during breastfeeding).

Within a few months, vision rapidly improves, allowing them to track moving objects with their eyes and develop the beginnings of hand-eye coordination.

If you notice that your newborn’s eyes appear to be crossed or if one eye turns outward at times, this is usually no cause for concern and will likely resolve as their visual system strengthens. However, just to be sure, consider scheduling an exam with your pediatrician or eye doctor.

After 3 to 4 months, babies should be able to track moving objects and reach for things.

5-8 Months

Babies begin to see the world in 3 dimensions at around 5 months. Depth and color perception are new visual skills that evolve during these months.

This is also the stage when most babies learn to crawl. Crawling supports a baby’s hand-foot-body coordination and may help strengthen their visual system. As babies crawl, they look up into the distance and then back at their hands, and up again. Constantly shifting their points of focus in coordination with their own movement helps develop their binocular vision and hand-eye coordination.

9-12 Months

By this stage, a baby should be able to pick up small objects with their thumb and forefinger.

Most babies will also try to pull themselves up to a standing position and may try to walk. Encourage your baby to crawl as much as possible, as this bolsters their hand-eye coordination and binocular vision.

A baby this age should be able to judge distances pretty well.

12-24 Months

Hand-eye coordination is well developed by the age of 2. Toddlers this age are able to recognize faces and point out objects in a picture book.

What Can Parents Do For Their Baby’s Visual Health?

Babies need visual stimulation in order to develop a healthy visual system. Parents and caregivers should engage in age-appropriate activities that will boost their visual development.

For example, provide the baby with plenty of free time to play with toys on the floor. Talk to your baby as you walk around the room to help develop their visual tracking skills. Read books and point to objects. Give your child building blocks and balls that support visual-spatial skills and fine motor skills.

Of course, all babies develop at their own speed — and that’s fine. Some healthy babies may not reach every milestone right on the mark. The best way to learn whether your child’s visual system is developing normally is to have them assessed by an optometrist.

If you suspect that your baby may have a visual problem, bring them in for an evaluation with James Sinoway O.D.. Generally, the earlier visual problems are diagnosed, the better the outcome. Whether you suspect a visual problem or not, all babies should have their eyes examined when they reach 6 months.

To schedule your baby’s eye exam, contact James Tracey Eye Care in Midtown today!

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: How often should babies and children have their eyes checked?

  • A: All babies should have their first eye exam at 6 months of age, even if no visual problems are suspected. During the eye exam, the eye doctor will check for things like farsightedness, nearsightedness, astigmatism, eye alignment, and eye movement ability. If no problem is detected, and your child’s eyes continue to be healthy, your optometrist will let you know when is the best time for their next eye exam.

Q: What are the most common vision problems in babies and toddlers?

  • A: The most common vision problems in babies and toddlers are refractive errors (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism), strabismus (eye turn), amblyopia (lazy eye), congenital abnormalities, genetic eye diseases, pediatric ptosis, and nystagmus.

Quality Frames For Prescription Eyeglasses & Computer Glasses. Visit James Tracey Eye Care for an eye exam and eyeglasses that match your style.


What Are Eye Allergies?

Eye Exams and Vision Care at James Tracey Eye Care

Eye Exams and Vision Care at James Tracey Eye Care

Eye allergies, also known as allergic conjunctivitis, are caused by environmental allergens and irritants. While their symptoms range in severity from uncomfortable to incapacitating, it’s often possible to attain relief.

What Causes Eye Allergies?

Allergies occur when the immune system becomes hypersensitive to certain allergens, such as dust mites or pollen. Histamines are released into the bloodstream when allergens are introduced to the body, causing swelling and inflammation.

Some airborne allergens that can cause eye allergies to include:

  • Dust mites
  • Pet dander
  • Mold
  • Trees
  • Pollen
  • Weeds

Non-airborne allergens include:

  • Cleaning chemicals
  • Preservatives in multi-use eye drops
  • Contact lens solutions
  • Perfume
  • Makeup
  • Skin-care products

What Are Common Symptoms of Eye Allergies?

When your eyes come in contact with an allergen you may start to have symptoms almost immediately, or hours or days later. Eye allergy symptoms include:

  • Burning or painful eyes
  • Watery eyes
  • Red eyes
  • Irritated or itchy eyes
  • Nasal congestion
  • Runny nose
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sneezing
  • Swollen eyelids

How To Treat Eye Allergies

Once your eye doctor has thoroughly examined your eyes and ruled out other causes of your symptoms, they can advise you on how best to treat your symptoms.

Decongestants or Antihistamines

Decongestants can help you breathe easier by shrinking swollen nasal pathways that might become inflamed due to allergies. Decongestants can also shrink the blood vessels in the whites of the eyes, relieving red eyes.

Antihistamines work by blocking the attachment of the histamine to the body’s cells that produce an allergic reaction, reducing or eliminating symptoms.

Limit Allergen Exposure

A good way to reduce allergy flare-ups is to avoid allergens or at least reduce exposure to them. If pollen causes your eyes to become itchy and red, try limiting your time outdoors and driving with the windows closed. In addition, wearing wrap-around glasses can protect your eyes from allergens and irritants.

Temporarily Remove Your Contact Lenses

Allergens can accumulate on the surface of contact lenses, which makes it difficult to get rid of symptoms while wearing them. If you suffer from eye allergies, try temporarily switching to glasses and see if your symptoms continue. For many people, the best contact lenses for those with eye allergies are daily disposables, which are discarded at the end of each day.

Try Eye Drops

Over-the-counter antihistamine and lubricating eye drops can help soothe itchy, irritated, and red eyes. There are many brands and types of drops that will offer the best relief. Your eye doctor may even prescribe a more powerful eye drop than the ones available at your local drugstore.

Aside from soothing irritated eyes, artificial tears and lubricating eye drops can help remove any foreign substances and flush the eye of allergens.

Scheduling an eye exam at James Tracey Eye Care in Midtown is the best way to rule out other possible eye conditions and determine the cause of your symptoms. If you suffer from any of the symptoms mentioned above, contact us today.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Are eye allergies dangerous?

  • A: Most eye allergies are more irritating than dangerous. They can, however, cause scarring of the cornea due to all the eye rubbing.

Q: How can I tell whether it’s an eye allergy or eye infection?

  • A: If you experience eye pain and ocular discharge (excluding tears), there’s a strong chance you might have an infection. Viral eye infections usually clear up on their own, but bacterial eye infections can only be treated with medication. If you suspect you have an eye infection, make sure to visit your eye doctor as soon as possible.

Quality Frames For Prescription Eyeglasses & Computer Glasses. Visit James Tracey Eye Care for an eye exam and eyeglasses that match your style.


What Can I Do to Prevent Glaucoma?

Eye Exams and Vision Care at James Tracey Eye Care

Eye Exams and Vision Care at James Tracey Eye Care

Glaucoma affects approximately 3.5 million North Americans aged 40 and older. It is a primary cause of preventable vision loss and blindness among adults on this continent and around the world.

Glaucoma is three to four times more common, and 15x more likely to cause blindness in African Americans than in Caucasians. The prevalence of glaucoma rises rapidly in Hispanics over the age of 65.

While there is currently no cure, early detection with an annual comprehensive eye exam can slow or prevent vision loss. So get your eyes checked at James Tracey Eye Care in Midtown before it’s too late.

What Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye disease that damages the optic nerve. This nerve is the only neural communication between the eyes and the brain, so any damage in that area causes permanent and irreparable vision loss.

The main risk factor is increased pressure inside the eye, known as intraocular pressure (IOP). IOP usually increases due to the buildup of excess fluid inside the eye, which damages the optic nerve, resulting in vision loss and even blindness.

While glaucoma is most common in those aged 40 and over, it can occur at any age. Early detection and treatment can often prevent glaucoma-related damage. This is why it is absolutely crucial to undergo routine comprehensive eye exams that include glaucoma testing.

What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?

Open-angle glaucoma (OAG) is the most common type of glaucoma, accounting for over 90% of all glaucoma patients. This type of glaucoma has no obvious symptoms until irreparable damage to the optic nerve has occurred. This condition is often called the ‘Silent Thief of Sight’ and results in vision loss known as ‘tunnel vision.’

Normal-tension glaucoma, also called low-tension glaucoma, affects up to 30-40% of all glaucoma patients with OAG. In these cases, the optic nerve is damaged even though the pressure in the eye is within normal limits. People with this kind of glaucoma may experience:

  • Migraine headaches
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Low blood pressure

A far less common form of the disease is closed-angle glaucoma (CAG), affecting up to 10% of all patients. In this sight-threatening eye disease, the IOP can suddenly spike to over 50mmHg — more than double the normal range. This condition requires immediate emergency medical care as vision loss can be more dramatic and occurs quickly. Closed-angle glaucoma often presents with some or all of these symptoms:

  • Blind spots in the peripheral vision
  • Sudden severe pain in the eye or forehead
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Eye redness
  • Decreased or blurred vision

How to Manage Your Glaucoma

Although there is no cure for glaucoma, the good news is that if it is detected early, the condition can be treated and controlled to prevent vision loss. Most glaucoma patients can successfully manage their condition with eye drops, medication, and on occasion, laser treatment or surgery. All of these help to reduce the pressure on the eye by lessening the production and inflow of aqueous fluid into the eye or increasing the outflow pathways for more effective drainage from the eye.

It’s important to remember that having regular eye exams is vital, as glaucoma can cause permanent vision loss before you are even aware of any signs. Irreparable vision loss and blindness can be prevented if the disease is recognized in its early stages. Contact James Tracey Eye Care in Midtown to book your comprehensive eye exam today!

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can Glaucoma be treated?

  • A: While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are several treatments that can help slow down or prevent damage to your eyes. Treatments include eye drops, oral medication, surgeries and therapies such as filtering surgery, Laser therapy, drainage tubes, and minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS)

Q: Can glaucoma be prevented?

  • A: The only way to prevent glaucoma is to undergo regular eye exams as significant vision loss or blindness can be prevented if glaucoma is diagnosed and treated in its early stages.

Quality Frames For Prescription Eyeglasses & Computer Glasses. Visit James Tracey Eye Care for an eye exam and eyeglasses that match your style.


4 Common Myopia Myths Debunked

4 Common Myopia Myths Debunked 640Myopia (nearsightedness) occurs when the eye elongates and rays of light entering the eye are focused in front of the light-sensitive retina rather than directly on it.

It’s by far the most common refractive error among children and young adults.

To help understand and learn more about what myopia means for your child’s vision, we’ve debunked 4 common myopia myths.

Myth: Myopia only develops in childhood

Fact: While it’s true that in most cases nearsightedness develops in childhood, it can also develop during one’s young adult years.

Myth: Wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses cause myopia to worsen

Fact: Prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses in no way exacerbate myopia. Optical corrections help you see comfortably and clearly. Another common misconception is that it’s better to use a weaker lens power than the one prescribed by your eye doctor. This is simply not true. By wearing a weaker lens you are contradicting the purpose of using corrective eyewear, which is to comfortably correct your vision.

Myth: Taking vitamins can cure myopia

Fact: Vitamins have been proven to slow the progression of or prevent some eye conditions, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or cataracts. However, no vitamin has been shown to prevent or cure myopia. All vitamins and supplements should only be taken under the advice of your healthcare professional.

Myth: There is no way to slow the progression of myopia.

Fact: There are a few ways to slow down the progression of myopia:

Get more sunlight. Studies have shown that children who spend more time playing outdoors in the sunlight have slower myopia progression than children who are homebodies.

Take a break. Doing close work, such as spending an excessive amount of time looking at a digital screen, reading, and doing homework has been linked to myopia. Encouraging your child to take frequent breaks to focus on objects farther away can help. One well-known eye exercise is the 20-20-20 rule, where you take a 20-second break to view something 20 feet away every 20 minutes.

Other options to slow myopia progression include:

  • Orthokeratology/Ortho-k. These are specialized custom-fit contact lenses shown to decrease the rate of myopia progression through the gentle reshaping of the cornea when worn overnight.
  • Multifocal lenses offer clear vision at various focal distances. Studies show that wearing multifocal soft contact lenses or multifocal eyeglasses during the day can limit the progression of myopia compared to conventional single vision glasses or contact lenses.
  • Atropine drops. 1.0% atropine eye drops applied daily in one eye over a period of 2 years has shown to significantly reduce the progression of myopia

Prevent or slow the progression of your child’s myopia with myopia management. Contact James Tracey Eye Care to book your child’s consultation today!

James Tracey Eye Care serves patients from Midland Park, Midtown, Wyckoff, and Woodcliff Lake, all throughout New York.

Frequently Asked Questions with James Sinoway O.D.

Q: Can myopia be cured?

  • A: Currently, there is no cure for myopia. However, various myopia management methods can slow its progression.

Q: How much time should my child spend outdoors to reduce the risk of myopia?

  • A: Make sure your child spends at least 90 minutes a day outdoors.

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James Tracey Eye Care serves patients from Midland Park, Midtown, Wyckoff, and Woodcliff Lake, all throughout New York.

 

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